Piles or otherwise known as hemorrhoids are when the veins around the rectum and anus area become swollen and inflamed. These can become extremely painful, uncomfortable and can be either internal or external. Some of the most common symptoms associated with piles are itching, rectal pain and bleeding during bowel movements.
For external hemorrhoids the most common symptom is rectal pain but, there may also be the development of a clotted or thrombosed hemorrhoid. This is a hard painful lump which forms under the skin by clotted blood and can protrude outward. They can also be extremely painful because they affect the nerve endings.
The most common symptoms for internal hemorrhoids include itching because this type seeps mucus which can irritate the skin. The large hemorrhoids which bulge out from the anus will not only cause discomfort but also may cause pain. Most are not painful however, if they swell and are squeezed by the muscles located in the anus they can become extremely painful. It will be necessary to get medical treatment immediately if you experience severe pain because it could mean there is a strangulated hemorrhoid which is when the blood supply to the hemorrhoid is being cut off.
Some of the causes associated with piles are pregnancy, chronic straining during bowel movements, chronic constipation, not having adequate amounts of fiber in your diet, aging, chronic diarrhea and sitting for long periods of time.
There are several preventative measures that can be taken in order to avoid dealing with this painful and very uncomfortable condition. For example, adding plenty of fiber to your daily diet can make a huge difference. Also adding fruits, vegetables and whole grains daily will help to avoid constipation which in turn will help to prevent piles.
The next important step is adding the recommended 6 to 8 glasses of water a day. Water is very important because it is what helps the digestive system to process the body’s waste material and produce a softer stool. Also, by adding a daily exercise routine like walking 20 minutes a day is very effective in helping to promote good digestion. If at all possible, when the urge to go is felt go at that time. It is not good to put it off for a later time because as time passes on it will cause the stool to dry and harden causing extra strain on the rectal walls. This will then cause the veins and tissue in the rectal area to swell.